Peru facts and information
Peru is an amazing land full of ancestral history and traditional stories to gain from its people. known as the land of the sun because it harbored one of the greatest civilizations in the history of mankind, who were called sons of the sun.
Peru was known as the land of the sun because it harbored one of the greatest civilizations in the history of mankind, who were called sons of the sun. The antiquity of this nation takes us to a past 5,000 years of history, which will give you life during your holidays.
Nowadays, Peru continues to amaze us because it is a land in which there are still discoveries of civilizations past the Inca. In terms of its gastronomy we have the most exquisite of the region in South America of which you will delight through the variety of places that you could know during your trip.
Peru has one of the seven wonders of the world, Machu Picchu, as well as the source of the beginning of the Amazon river, magnificent mud cities, enigmatic figures drawn in the desert, and much more to see.
Peru is a new and fascinating world that awaits you with open arms to give you the best of welcomes.
The Democratic Republic of Peru, is located in the South American continent, has an area of 1 250 000 square kilometers, is divided into three different natural regions that are the coast, the mountains and the jungle. Due to its very complex geography Peru has 28 microclimates out of the 32 that exist in the world and has a great biodiversity that is the result of the presence of the Andes and Amazonia, a biodiversity that is reflected in the large number of exotic species of flora and unique fauna in Peru.
Tourism has become the third economic trade that produces a greater amount of foreign currency in Peru, secondly, mining and followed by fishing. Peru still depends on ancestral economic activities, such as the search and agriculture, especially in rural areas, far from the big cities, but leaving less amount of foreign currency.
5,000 years ago, the first cities and metropolises began, such as the city of Caral, located north of Lima.
The cultures of the north of Peru, the Mochicas, Chimú and Chincha or the cultures of the south of Peru like Tiawanacu or Wari. Cultures that left immortal legacies such as the Nazca Lines and Sillustani, among others.
The Incas received many techniques and traditions of these cultures which they came to dominate to extend their territory to what we know today as Ecuador, northern Argentina, northern Chile and Bolivia.
Machu Picchu, the greatest masterpiece of ancient Peru was built during the height of the Inca culture, made by the workers of one of the most ambitious and largest emperors in Peruvian history.
With the arrival of the Spaniards in the sixteenth century, European traditions were mixed with local traditions, a mixture of traditions that can be seen today. The Spaniards dominated the Peruvian territory until 1821 when, the liberator José de San Martín declared the Independence of Peru.
Today, the Peruvian Nation is one of the countries where tourism is best lived, through the special region of Cuzco declared Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO.