Which are the main peruvian festival
We are sure, the first thing Peru is well known for is Machu Picchu. And that’s ok. Mapi, as we call it, is a wonder every person should visit at least once in their lifetime. And we also know, food is the other thing we are remember for; a good ceviche is something you can’t easily forget.
But we have a great other secret you would love to know: Our Festivals! We have almost one big festival by month of the year, it’s really amazing now that we write about it.
Well the most of that festivals are related to christianity. As you may know the spaniards Conquerors enforced their religion in to the Inca culture by destroying their temples and setting their god and saints to them. So many of their religious celebrations nowadays are deeply part of the culture of peruvian people. Those celebrations include dancing,so much dancing, Drinks, Live music, Colorfuls costumes, really delicious food and many others things you will love.
Here we’ll show you our top 3 favorites festivals in Peru.
There’s not feast in all Peru as big as La Fiesta de la Candelaria. The festival celebrates Puno’s patron saint, the Virgin of Candlemas. More than 200 different dances in more than 150 dance sets. “Native dances” from the different Puno communities. Sets of dances organized in different Locatiòns of the city, known as “costume dances”. These dancing performances involve 40,000 dancers and some 5,000 musicians. Besides, there are so many people indirectly involved. About 25,000 people including directors, sponsors, and the makers of masks, clothing, boots, shoes, bells and other items.
Legend has it that Puno was under the custody of the spanish and although they were less than the patriots they resist the attacks of the ejercito revolucionario. They spent 3 month fighting and after many battles the villagers, in despair. decided to take the image of the virgin and make a procession through the streets of the town. surprisingly that night the spanish left the town.
All the people, in shock, Took this amazing event as a miracle and their faith and devotion in the virgin grew exponentially and decided to take the image to the main cathedral and become the patron of Puno.
UNESCO established it’s Lists of Intangible Cultural Heritage aiming to ensure a better protection of important intangible cultural heritages worldwide and the awareness of their significance. the programme aims to draw attention to the importance of safeguarding intangible heritage, which UNESCO has identified as an essential component and as a repository of cultural diversity and of creative expression. La Candelaria was added in 2013 to this list. Considered the most important cultural event in Peru, incorporates elements of the different ethnic groups from the history of our country.
THE WINE FESTIVAL (Fiesta de la Vendimia)
Our Country is also known by its national drink: Pisco. This drink made out of grapes, is a important part of the peruvian culture. So why not to celebrate it? Oh yes! We do it during 10 days and is called: “Fiesta de la Vendimia” a celebration of the harvest of grape in Ica, Peru’s Wine Culture capital. There is produced Peru’s best wines and of course the world’s finest piscos.
La Fiesta includes processions full of colorful costumes, dances, and the famous grape stomping. You’ll find everywhere a lot of delicious foods to pair the wine: pork, guinea pig or chicken. We gather in the main square to the Queen of the harvest contest who then has the honor to be the first one to stomp the grapes.
FESTIVAL OF THE SUN (Inti Raymi)
If a Festival is majestic, real, stunning that got to be The Inti Raymi. The celebratiòn is held every 24 June when the winter solstice arrived meaning it’s harvest time. In Quechua Inti means Sun and Raymi celebration. The festival has been celebrated since 1412, Since then Inca people gather to pray for the god sun Inti to return.
The Spanish prohibited this celebration in the first year they took on the Inca territory claiming it was a pagan ceremony and against the catholic church. Never the less people managed to make a hidden version of the ceremony. In 1572 Francisco Toledo officially banned the celebration because there were several incas rebellions being the last one that of Tupac Amaru the last Inca ruler who was killed together with his family and chancellors.
350 years had passed since that event when a group of Amerindians actors under the approval of the American Institute of art decided to make a theatrical representation of the ceremony based on the chronicles of Garcilazo de la vega. Since that moment every year the representation took place. Nowadays around 500 people from Cusco make that act representing ceremony that start at Qorikancha, following to the main square of Cusco and the Fortress of Sacsayhuaman.