Perú Facts and Info

Overview

Peru is an amazing land full of ancestral history and traditional stories. known as the land of the sun because it harbored one of the greatest civilizations in the history of mankind, who were called sons of the sun. The antiquity of this nation takes us to a past 5,000 years of history.

Nowadays, Peru continues to amaze us because it is a land in which there are still discoveries of ancient civilizations before the Inca. In terms of its gastronomy, we have the most exquisite of the region in South America.

Peru has one of the seven wonders of the world, Machu Picchu, the beginning of the Amazon river, magnificent mud cities, enigmatic figures drawn in the desert, and much more to see.

Peru is a new and fascinating world that awaits you with open arms to give you the best.




The Democratic Republic of Peru, is located in the South American continent, has an area of 1 250 000 square kilometers, is divided into three different natural regions that are the coast, the mountains, and the jungle. Due to its very complex geography, Peru has 28 microclimates out of the 32 that exist in the world and has great biodiversity that is the result of the presence of the Andes and Amazonia, the biodiversity that is reflected in a large number of exotic species of flora and unique fauna in Peru.

Economy

Tourism has become the third economic trade that produces a greater amount of foreign currency in Peru, secondly, mining and followed by fishing. Peru still depends on ancestral economic activities, such as the search and agriculture, especially in rural areas, far from the big cities, but leaving less amount of foreign currency.

History

5,000 years ago, the first cities began. Such as the city of Caral, located north of Lima.  Also in the north were found rests of the Mochicas, Chimú, and Chincha. or the cultures of the south of Peru like Tiawanacu or Wari. Cultures that left immortal legacies such as the Nazca Lines and Sillustani, among others.

The Incas received many techniques and traditions of these cultures which they came to dominate territories as far as what’s known today as Ecuador, northern Argentina, northern Chile, and Bolivia.

Machu Picchu, the greatest masterpiece of ancient Peru was built during the height of the Inca culture, made by the workers of one of the most ambitious and largest emperors in Peruvian history.

With the arrival of the Spaniards in the sixteenth century, European traditions were mixed with local traditions, a mixture that can be seen today. The Spaniards dominated the Peruvian territory until 1821 when the liberator José de San Martín declared the Independence of Peru.

Today, the Peruvian Nation is one of the countries where tourism is best lived, through the special region of Cuzco declared Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO.

Some Facts

Peru borders Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, southeast Bolivia and Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west and has a territory of 1,285,216 km2 (496,225 sq me).

  • Population: About 31 million

  • Capital: Lima

  • Official Language: Spanish and Quechua.

  • Currency: Peruvian Soles

  • Time: GMT – 5

Climate

Peru is divided geographically by the Coast(areas near the ocean), Andes(mountains) and Amazon(jungle) and a lot of different micro-climates so, we suggest you to check the weather forecast once here.


Communication Systems

There are good airline companies such as LAN Peru, Avianca, Taca Airlines to mention few and cover trips through the Peruvian Andes. Also, the roads that interconnect the country are well developed and you can find excellent bus services taking you around the country.

In terms of the Railway system, you will find in Cusco is being operated by Perurail to Machu Picchu.

The following are some of the routes to Machu Picchu:

By train via Sacred Valley of the Incas and Machu Picchu Full day tour.



  • Inca Trail Tour: 4 days / 3 nights.

  • Short Inca Trail: 2 Days / 1 Nights

  • Salkantay Trek: 5 days / 4 nights.

  • Lares Trek: 4 days and 3 nights.

  • Salkantay Inka Trail: 7days / 6 nights.

  • Choquequirao Trek: 8 days / 7 nights.



Visas

Citizens from the United States, Canada, Australia, and the European Union do not require a visa to visit Peru. However, all travelers are required to hold a passport valid for at least 6 months after entering the country. For more information is necessary to ask to your local consulate.

Money

The official currency in Peru is the Nuevo Sol and you can change your money on authorized currency exchange houses, banks, or drawn from local ATMs machines.

 

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