To get to Maras we will leave Cusco around 09:00 am in direction of the natural beauty of the Urubamba valley. On this Maras Moray tour the Urubamba Valley will show us their contrast between the green colours of its valleys, against the blue colours of its sky and reflected on its ground. Thanks to the salt mines, they hep to to create this effect of displaying a white and blue colours spectacle of real beauty. The Salt mines are located on a wide-open hill above the Urubamba Valley, a natural salt water stream runs underground.
Since pre-Incan times, locals are evaporating the salty water from this stream in order to obtain the salt that gets left behind.
Our professional guide for this Maras Moray tour will brief you on how this salt effects are happening. Basically, the highly salty water emerges at a spring, a natural outlet of the underground stream. The flow is directed into an intricate system of tiny channels constructed so that the water runs gradually down onto the several hundred ancient terraced ponds which you will visit during this Maras Moray tour. The water, which is exposed to the sun, leaves salt on the land. Viewed from the peak, the myriad of rectangles look like an enormous painting designed by nature.
Finished our visit to the salt mines near Maras, we continue on a short distance to the Moray ruins as a part of our Maras Moray tour.
The Moray ruins are composed of three big circles in appearance similar to roman coliseums, which are thought to have been used by the Incas as a sort of open air crop laboratory. The circles are several enormous terraced circular depressions, the largest of which is about 30m/98ft deep. The purpose of these depressions is still uncertain but their depth and orientation with respect to wind and sun creates a temperature difference of as much as 15 °C/27 °F between the top and bottom. This large temperature difference was possibly used by the Incas to study the effects of different climatic conditions on crops.
In the afternoon, we will return you back to your hotel in Cusco.